Multifunctional Integration of Double-Shell Hybrid Nanostructure for Alleviating Surface Degradation of LiNi 0.8 Co 0.1 Mn 0.1 O 2 Cathode for Advanced Lithium-Ion Batteries at High Cutoff Voltage

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2020 Feb 26;12(8):9268-9276. doi: 10.1021/acsami.9b20872. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Abstract

Ni-rich LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NCM811) cathode is considered to be among the most promising candidates for high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, both capacity fading and structural degradation occur during long-term cycling, which extremely limit the commercial applications of NCM811, especially at a high cutoff voltage (>4.3 V). Here, we design a double-shell hybrid nanostructure consisting of a Li2SiO3 coating layer and a cation-mixed layer (Fmm phase) to improve its electrochemical performance. Consequently, the Si-modified NCM811 electrode shows outstanding cycling stability with a 95.2% capacity retention at 4.3 V after 100 cycles and 87.3% at a 4.5 V high cutoff voltage after 100 cycles. This designed double-shell hybrid nanostructure alleviates side reactions, structural degradation, and internal cracking, effectively enhancing the surface structural stability. This efficient strategy provides a valuable step toward further commercial applications of the LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cathode and enriches the fundamental understanding of layered cathode materials.

Keywords: LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2; cycling stability; double-shell modification; hybrid nanostructure; structural degradation.