Screening Gene Mutations in Chinese Patients With Benign Essential Blepharospasm

Front Neurol. 2020 Jan 23;10:1387. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2019.01387. eCollection 2019.

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to screen gene mutations in Chinese patients with benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) to understand its etiology. Methods: Twenty BEB patients diagnosed by clinical manifestations between April 2015 and October 2015 were enrolled. All the cases were investigated by questionnaires about general conditions, social behavioral factors, environmental factors, psychological factors, genetic factors, and previous diseases. In each patient, a total of 151 genes related to movement disorders were analyzed by second-generation sequencing. Results: Two patients had a family history of BEB, and they had SYNE1 and Cdkn1A-interacting zinc finger protein 1 (CIZ1) mutation, respectively. We found the SYNE1 mutation in seven patients, the CIZ1 mutation in two patients, the CACNA1A mutation in two patients, the LRRK2 mutation in two patients, and the FUS mutation in two patients. The C10orf2, TPP1, SLC1A3, PNKD, EIF4G1, SETX, PRRT2, SPTBN2, and TTBK2 mutations were found in only one patient, respectively, while not any mutation in the 151 genes were found in two patients. Some patients had mutations in two genes. Conclusion: Genetic factors, especially SYNE1 and CIZ1 mutations, contribute to the etiology of BEB.

Keywords: CIZ1; Chinese; SYNE1; benign essential blepharospasm; gene mutation.