Prevalence and predictors of postpartum depression in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A cross sectional study

PLoS One. 2020 Feb 10;15(2):e0228666. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0228666. eCollection 2020.


Objective: Postpartum depression (PPD) is inversely correlated with women's functioning, marital and personal relationships, mother-infant interaction quality, and children's social, behavioural, and cognitive development. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) in Riyadh and correlate them with possible predictors by a cross-sectional approach.

Methods: In this study, 174 mothers receiving treatments in different hospitals of Riyadh completed self-administered measures of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) along with a list of probable predictors. The data was analyzed by logistic regression analysis using SPSS-IBM 25.

Results: Of 174 participants of the study, 38.50% (n = 67) reported postpartum depression. Around (115) of the participants were in an age group of 25-45 years with most of them highly educated (101) but unemployed (136). Significant association was noted between occurrence of PPD with unsupportive spouse (P value = 0.023) and recent stressful life events (P value = 0.003). The significant predictors for PPD were unsupportive spouse (OR = 4.53, P = 0.049), recent stressful life events (OR = 2.677, P = 0.005), and Caesarean section as a mode of delivery (OR = 1.958, P = 0.049).

Conclusion: The prevalence of PPD among the study participants was high, especially those with recent stressful life event and unsupportive spouse. To promote health and wellbeing of mothers, it was recommended to screen all high-risk mothers for PPD, when they visit hospitals for postnatal follow ups. Prevention of PPD is not only essential for wellbeing of mothers but it is important to provide good conducive atmosphere for the new born.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cesarean Section
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depression, Postpartum / diagnosis*
  • Depression, Postpartum / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Mother-Child Relations*
  • Mothers / psychology
  • Prevalence
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Factors
  • Saudi Arabia / epidemiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult

Grants and funding

The authors received no specific funding for this work.