Secrecy Outage Probability of a NOMA Scheme and Impact Imperfect Channel State Information in Underlay Cooperative Cognitive Networks

Sensors (Basel). 2020 Feb 7;20(3):895. doi: 10.3390/s20030895.


Security performance and the impact of imperfect channel state information (CSI) in underlay cooperative cognitive networks (UCCN) is investigated in this paper. In the proposed scheme, relay R uses non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) technology to transfer messages e 1 , e 2 from the source node S to User 1 (U 1 ) and User 2 (U 2 ), respectively. An eavesdropper (E) is also proposed to wiretap the messages of U 1 and U 2 . The transmission's security performance in the proposed system was analyzed and performed over Rayleigh fading channels. Through numerical analysis, the results showed that the proposed system's secrecy performance became more efficient when the eavesdropper node E was farther away from the source node S and the intermediate cooperative relay R. The secrecy performance of U 1 was also compared to the secrecy performance of U 2 . Finally, the simulation results matched the Monte Carlo simulations well.

Keywords: non-orthogonal multiple access, physical layer security (PLS), cooperative communication, successive interference cancellation (SIC), decode-and-forward (DF), cognitive radio (CR), channel state information, outage probability..