Clinical Course and Outcome of Human Monkeypox in Nigeria

Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Nov 5;71(8):e210-e214. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciaa143.


In a retrospective review of hospital records of 40 human monkeypox cases from Nigeria, the majority developed fever and self-limiting vesiculopustular skin eruptions. Five deaths were reported. Compared to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative cases, HIV type 1-coinfected cases had more prolonged illness, larger lesions, and higher rates of both secondary bacterial skin infections and genital ulcers.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS; Nigeria; clinical course; human monkeypox; outcome.

MeSH terms

  • Exanthema*
  • Humans
  • Monkeypox virus
  • Mpox (monkeypox)* / epidemiology
  • Nigeria / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies