The effect of music therapy during colonoscopy on pain, anxiety and patient comfort: A randomized controlled trial

Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2020 Feb;38:101084. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.101084. Epub 2019 Dec 23.


Background: and purpose: This study aimed to determine the effect of music therapy on pain, anxiety, and patient comfort during colonoscopy.

Materials and methods: This is a randomized, controlled, intervention study, which included 112 patients that underwent colonoscopy. The patients were randomized into the intervention group (n = 56) that was given 30-minute music therapy during the colonoscopy and the control group (n = 56) without any intervention other than routine nursing care. The data were collected using an information and observation form, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.

Results: The pain and anxiety scores were lower in the intervention group whereas comfort score was higher than control group (p < 0.05). The pain and anxiety levels of the patients in the intervention group decreased after the colonoscopy and their comfort levels increased.

Conclusions: The music therapy reduced pain and anxiety, increased comfort during colonoscopy.

Keywords: Anxiety; Colonoscopy; Music therapy; Pain; Patient comfort.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anxiety / therapy
  • Colonoscopy / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Music Therapy / methods*
  • Pain / prevention & control*
  • Patient Comfort
  • Visual Analog Scale