Background: and purpose: This study aimed to determine the effect of music therapy on pain, anxiety, and patient comfort during colonoscopy.
Materials and methods: This is a randomized, controlled, intervention study, which included 112 patients that underwent colonoscopy. The patients were randomized into the intervention group (n = 56) that was given 30-minute music therapy during the colonoscopy and the control group (n = 56) without any intervention other than routine nursing care. The data were collected using an information and observation form, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.
Results: The pain and anxiety scores were lower in the intervention group whereas comfort score was higher than control group (p < 0.05). The pain and anxiety levels of the patients in the intervention group decreased after the colonoscopy and their comfort levels increased.
Conclusions: The music therapy reduced pain and anxiety, increased comfort during colonoscopy.
Keywords: Anxiety; Colonoscopy; Music therapy; Pain; Patient comfort.
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