The effects of different drying temperatures (50, 60, 70 °C) on the quality of rose (Rose electron) petals were evaluated in this study. Drying time decreased from 1680 s to 600 s with increased infrared temperature. The temperature and time were increased from 50 °C to 70 °C and 30 min to 60 min, respectively, and a decrease in the fruit color quality was observed. The projected area (PA) of rose petals was affected significantly from temperature. After the drying process, the largest PA was observed as 33.35 cm2 (50 °C, 30 min), while the smallest achieved at 70 °C, 60 min (27.96 cm2). Depending on the temperature values (50, 60, 70 °C), the average projection area of dry samples of the rose petals decreased 2.17 times compared to the projection area of fresh samples. The dried samples demonstrated an increase in the total phenolic (TP) content compared to the fresh samples. The maximum TP (44.49 mg GAE/g) was achieved at 45 min and 70 °C rose petals sample. The results concluded that infrared drying for 45 min at 70 °C could be recommended for drying rose (rosa electron) petals.
Keywords: drying process; infrared drying; rose petals; total phenolic content.