Background: Blood donors represent a healthy population, whose red blood cell (RBC) alloantibody persistence or evanescence kinetics may differ from those of immunocompromised patients. A better understanding of the biologic factors impacting antibody persistence is warranted, as the presence of alloantibodies may impact donor health and the fate of the donated blood product.
Methods: Donor/donation data collected from four US blood centers from 2012 to 2016 as part of the Recipient Epidemiology and Donor Evaluation Study-III (REDS-III) were analyzed. Clinically significant antibodies from blood donors with more than one donation who underwent at least one follow-up antibody screen after the initial antibody identification were included. Of 632,378 blood donors, 481 (128 males and 353 females) fit inclusion criteria.
Results: Antibody screens detected 562 alloantibodies, with 368 of 562 (65%) of antibodies being persistently detected and with 194 of 562 (35%) becoming evanescent. Factors associated with antibody persistence included antibody specificity, detection at the first donation, reported history of transfusion, and detection of multiple antibodies concurrently. Anti-D, C, and Fya were most likely to persist, while anti-M, Jka , and S were most frequently evanescent.
Conclusions: These data provide insight into variables impacting the duration of antibody detection, and they may also influence blood donor center policies regarding donor recruitment/acceptance.
© 2020 AABB.