Background: Polycythemia vera (PV) is associated with increased blood cell counts, risk of thrombosis, and symptoms including fatigue and pruritus. National guidelines support the use of hydroxyurea (HU) in high-risk patients or those with some other clinical indication for cytoreduction.
Patients and methods: REVEAL is a prospective, observational study designed to collect data pertaining to demographics, disease burden, clinical management, patient-reported outcomes, and health care resource utilization of patients with PV in the United States. In this analysis, HU treatment patterns and outcomes were assessed from 6 months prior to enrollment to the time of discontinuation, death, or data cutoff.
Results: Of the 1381 patients who received HU for ≥ 3 months, the median HU exposure was 23.6 months (range, 3.1-38.5 months). The most common maximum daily HU doses were 1000 mg (30.6%) and 500 mg (30.1%); only 6.4% received ≥ 2 g/d HU. Approximately one-third (32.3%) of patients had dose adjustments, 23.8% had dose interruptions, and 257 (18.6%) discontinued HU. The most common reasons for HU discontinuations and interruptions were adverse events/intolerance (37.1% and 54.5%, respectively) and lack of efficacy (35.5% and 22.1%, respectively). Of those who received HU for ≥ 3 months, 57.1% had hematocrit values > 45% on ≥ 1 occasion, 33.1% continued to receive phlebotomies, and 27.4% had uncontrolled myeloproliferation.
Conclusion: The results of this analysis emphasize the need for active management of patients with PV with appropriate HU dose titration to maintain blood count control while monitoring for signs and symptoms of HU intolerance.
Keywords: Cytopenia; Hematocrit; Myeloproliferative neoplasm; Observational study; Prospective.
Copyright © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.