Paracapillaria (Paracapillaria) gastrica n. sp. (Nematoda: Capillariidae) from the marine fish Synodus variegatus Lacépède (Synodontidae, Aulopiformes) off New Caledonia

Syst Parasitol. 2020 Apr;97(2):157-163. doi: 10.1007/s11230-020-09907-7. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Abstract

Based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies, a new nematode parasite, Paracapillaria (Paracapillaria) gastrica n. sp. (Capillariidae), is described from the stomach of the marine fish (variegated lizardfish) Synodus variegatus (Lacépède) (Aulopiformes: Synodontidae) from off New Caledonia. This species is mainly characterised by the length of the spicule (267 µm), the proximal spicule end expanded to form a conspicuous folded, lobular rim, the presence of a well-developed caudal bursa supported by two lateral projections (rays) not adhering to the posterior border of body and by the size of eggs (54-60 × 24-27 µm) with non-protruding polar plugs. Paracapillaria gastrica n. sp. is the first known capillariid species parasitic in a host belonging to the fish order Aulopiformes and the first species of this genus reported from fishes in New Caledonian waters and the South Pacific Ocean.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Fishes / parasitology*
  • Nematoda / anatomy & histology
  • Nematoda / classification*
  • New Caledonia
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Species Specificity