Cannabis use during pregnancy and its relationship with fetal developmental outcomes and psychiatric disorders. A systematic review

Reprod Health. 2020 Feb 17;17(1):25. doi: 10.1186/s12978-020-0880-9.


Introduction: This study analyze factors associated to cannabis use in pregnant women, its perceived availability, its risk perception and the relationship between prenatal exposure to cannabis and developmental and mental disorders.

Objectives: We present a review of the literature on cannabis use among pregnant women. The objective is to analyze factors associated to cannabis use during pregnancy and assess the potential effects of prenatal exposure to cannabis on the development of the fetus and the mental health of those exposed.

Methods: Systematic review of studies on the maternal use of cannabis and the relationship between early exposure and the development of psychiatric disorders in the PubMed database until July 2018 in English and Spanish with the following keywords: Marijuana, Cannabinoids, Mental disorders, Pregnancy, Prenatal Cannabis Exposure, Risk factors.

Results: The use of cannabis among pregnant women is frequent but it has not been extensively researched. Prenatal exposure to cannabis may be associated with affective symptoms and ADHD.

Conclusions: Mental healthcare professionals who treat women during their fertile life need to be able to explain the relationship between prenatal exposure to cannabis and the presence of developmental and mental disorders.

Keywords: Cannabis; Mental disorders; Pregnancy; Prenatal Cannabis exposure; Prenatal marijuana exposure; Risk factors.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / etiology*
  • Female
  • Fetal Development*
  • Humans
  • Marijuana Use / adverse effects*
  • Maternal Exposure*
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects*