MicroRNAs, DNA damage response and ageing

Biogerontology. 2020 Jun;21(3):275-291. doi: 10.1007/s10522-020-09862-2. Epub 2020 Feb 18.


Ageing is a multifactorial and integrated gradual deterioration affecting the most of biological process of cells. MiRNAs are differentially expressed in the cellular senescence and play important role in regulating of genes expression involved in features of ageing. The perception of miRNAs functions in ageing regulation can be useful in clarifying the mechanisms underlying ageing and designing of therapeutic strategies. The preservation of genomic integrity through DNA damage response (DDR) is related to the process of cellular senescence. The recent studies have shown that miRNAs has directly regulated the expression of numerous proteins in DDR pathways. In this review study, DDR pathways, miRNA biogenesis and functions, current finding on DDR regulations, molecular biology of ageing and the role of miRNAs in these processes have been studied. Finally, a brief explanation about the therapeutic function of miRNAs in ageing regarding its regulation of DDR has been provided.

Keywords: Ageing; DNA damage response; DNA repair; Non-coding RNA; microRNA.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aging*
  • Biological Phenomena*
  • DNA Damage
  • DNA Repair
  • MicroRNAs*


  • MicroRNAs