Long-term survival outcome after lobectomy in patients with clinical T1 N0 lung cancer

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 Jan 11;S0022-5223(20)30054-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2019.12.072. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess long-term outcomes after lobectomy in patients with clinical T1 N0 lung cancer based on thin-section computed tomography.

Methods: We collected the data of patients with pathological adenocarcinoma who had undergone lobectomy. The patients were categorized into 4 groups according to a consolidation tumor ratio and tumor size. Groups A and B included tumors with consolidation tumor ratio ≤0.5 and size ≤3 cm. Group A consisted of tumors ≤2 cm. Group B consisted of the remaining tumors. Groups C and D consisted of tumors with consolidation tumor ratio >0.5. Group C consisted of those with tumors ≤2 cm and Group D consisted of tumors of size 2 to 3 cm. The 10-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates were examined.

Results: Among the 543 patients, the 10-year overall survival was 80.4% and the 10-year recurrence-free survival rate was 77.1%. The 10-year overall survival for group A was 94.0%, 92.7% for group B, 84.1% for group C, and 68.8% for group D, and the 10-year recurrence-free survival rate for each group was 94.0%, 89.0%, 79.7%, and 66.1%, respectively. Group A + B showed better overall survival than group C + D (hazard ratio, 2.78; 95% confidence interval, 1.45-5.06) and better 10-year recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio, 2.74; 95% confidence interval, 1.55-4.88). No patient in group A had recurrence.

Conclusions: Those patients with total tumor size ≤3 cm and consolidation tumor ratio ≤0.5 showed excellent prognosis and might be suitable candidates for sublobar resection. If noninferior survival of segmentectomy compared with lobectomy is confirmed in an ongoing Japan Clinical Oncology Group trial, segmentectomy will be included in the standard of care.

Keywords: 10-year follow-up; consolidation tumor ratio; lobectomy; lung cancer.