In Vitro Activity of KBP-7072, a Novel Third-Generation Tetracycline, against 531 Recent Geographically Diverse and Molecularly Characterized Acinetobacter baumannii Species Complex Isolates

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2020 Apr 21;64(5):e02375-19. doi: 10.1128/AAC.02375-19. Print 2020 Apr 21.

Abstract

KBP-7072 is a novel third-generation tetracycline (aminomethylcycline) antibacterial that overcomes common efflux and ribosomal protection resistance mechanisms that cause resistance in older-generation tetracyclines. KBP-7072 completed phase 1 clinical development studies for safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02454361) and multiple ascending doses in healthy subjects (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02654626) in December 2015. Both oral and intravenous formulations of KBP-7072 are being developed. In this study, we evaluated the in vitro activities of KBP-7072 and comparator agents by CLSI document M07 (2018) broth microdilution against 531 recent geographically diverse and/or molecularly characterized Acinetobacter baumannii-A. calcoaceticus species complex (A. baumannii) isolates from the United States, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding China), and Latin America. A. baumannii isolates included carbapenem-resistant, colistin-resistant, tetracycline-resistant, and extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL)- and metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing isolates. Overall, KBP-7072 (MIC50/90, 0.25/1 mg/liter) was comparable in activity to colistin (92.8%/92.8% susceptible [S] [CLSI/EUCAST]) against A. baumannii isolates, inhibiting 99.2% of isolates at ≤2 mg/liter and 97.6% of isolates at ≤1 mg/liter. KBP-7072 was equally active against A. baumannii isolates, including carbapenem-resistant, colistin-resistant, and tetracycline-resistant isolates, regardless of geographic location, and maintained activity against ESBL- and MBL-producing isolates. KBP-7072 outperformed comparator agents, including ceftazidime (40.3% S [CLSI]), gentamicin (48.2%/48.2% S [CLSI/EUCAST]), levofloxacin (39.5%/37.9% S [CLSI/EUCAST]), meropenem (42.0%/42.0% S [CLSI/EUCAST]), piperacillin-tazobactam (33.3% S [CLSI]), and all tetracycline-class comparator agents, which include doxycycline (67.3% S [CLSI]), minocycline (73.8% S [CLSI]), tetracycline (37.2% S [CLSI]), and tigecycline (79.5% inhibited by ≤2 mg/liter). The potent in vitro activity of KBP-7072 against recent geographically diverse, molecularly characterized, and drug-resistant A. baumannii isolates supports continued clinical development for the treatment of serious infections, including those caused by A. baumannii.

Keywords: Acinetobacter; KBP-7072; aminomethylcycline; susceptibility; tetracycline.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acinetobacter baumannii / drug effects*
  • Acinetobacter baumannii / enzymology
  • Acinetobacter baumannii / genetics
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Carbapenems / pharmacology
  • Colistin / pharmacology
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial / drug effects
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Tetracycline Resistance / drug effects
  • Tetracyclines / pharmacology*
  • beta-Lactamases / metabolism

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Carbapenems
  • Tetracyclines
  • kbp-7072
  • beta-Lactamases
  • Colistin

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02454361
  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02654626