In Vitro Activity of KBP-7072, a Novel Third-Generation Tetracycline, against 531 Recent Geographically Diverse and Molecularly Characterized Acinetobacter baumannii Species Complex Isolates

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2020 Apr 21;64(5):e02375-19. doi: 10.1128/AAC.02375-19. Print 2020 Apr 21.


KBP-7072 is a novel third-generation tetracycline (aminomethylcycline) antibacterial that overcomes common efflux and ribosomal protection resistance mechanisms that cause resistance in older-generation tetracyclines. KBP-7072 completed phase 1 clinical development studies for safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics ( identifier NCT02454361) and multiple ascending doses in healthy subjects ( identifier NCT02654626) in December 2015. Both oral and intravenous formulations of KBP-7072 are being developed. In this study, we evaluated the in vitro activities of KBP-7072 and comparator agents by CLSI document M07 (2018) broth microdilution against 531 recent geographically diverse and/or molecularly characterized Acinetobacter baumannii-A. calcoaceticus species complex (A. baumannii) isolates from the United States, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding China), and Latin America. A. baumannii isolates included carbapenem-resistant, colistin-resistant, tetracycline-resistant, and extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL)- and metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing isolates. Overall, KBP-7072 (MIC50/90, 0.25/1 mg/liter) was comparable in activity to colistin (92.8%/92.8% susceptible [S] [CLSI/EUCAST]) against A. baumannii isolates, inhibiting 99.2% of isolates at ≤2 mg/liter and 97.6% of isolates at ≤1 mg/liter. KBP-7072 was equally active against A. baumannii isolates, including carbapenem-resistant, colistin-resistant, and tetracycline-resistant isolates, regardless of geographic location, and maintained activity against ESBL- and MBL-producing isolates. KBP-7072 outperformed comparator agents, including ceftazidime (40.3% S [CLSI]), gentamicin (48.2%/48.2% S [CLSI/EUCAST]), levofloxacin (39.5%/37.9% S [CLSI/EUCAST]), meropenem (42.0%/42.0% S [CLSI/EUCAST]), piperacillin-tazobactam (33.3% S [CLSI]), and all tetracycline-class comparator agents, which include doxycycline (67.3% S [CLSI]), minocycline (73.8% S [CLSI]), tetracycline (37.2% S [CLSI]), and tigecycline (79.5% inhibited by ≤2 mg/liter). The potent in vitro activity of KBP-7072 against recent geographically diverse, molecularly characterized, and drug-resistant A. baumannii isolates supports continued clinical development for the treatment of serious infections, including those caused by A. baumannii.

Keywords: Acinetobacter; KBP-7072; aminomethylcycline; susceptibility; tetracycline.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acinetobacter baumannii / drug effects*
  • Acinetobacter baumannii / enzymology
  • Acinetobacter baumannii / genetics
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Carbapenems / pharmacology
  • Colistin / pharmacology
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial / drug effects
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Tetracycline Resistance / drug effects
  • Tetracyclines / pharmacology*
  • beta-Lactamases / metabolism


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Carbapenems
  • Tetracyclines
  • kbp-7072
  • beta-Lactamases
  • Colistin

Associated data