Imaging of mandibular fractures: a pictorial review

Insights Imaging. 2020 Feb 19;11(1):30. doi: 10.1186/s13244-020-0837-0.


Mandibular fractures are among the most common maxillofacial fractures observed in emergency rooms and are mainly caused by road accidents. The clinical features of mandibular fractures include malocclusion and loss of mandibular function. Panoramic radiography is usually limited to isolated lesions, whereas computed tomography is the tool of choice for all other facial traumatic events. No reference standard classification system for the different types of mandibular fractures is defined. Therapeutic options include a conservative approach or surgical treatment based on the anatomic area and the severity of fracture. The main purpose of this pictorial review is to illustrate a practical description of the pathophysiology of mandibular fractures and describe both the imaging techniques to recognise them and the therapeutic indications.

Keywords: Condyle; Fracture; Mandible; Panoramic radiography; Trauma.

Publication types

  • Review