A Comparative Study of Patients' Subjective Feelings Toward Total Hip Arthroplasty with Patient-Specific Instruments and Traditional Total Hip Arthroplasty

Orthop Surg. 2020 Feb;12(1):269-276. doi: 10.1111/os.12626.


Objective: To determine whether differences exist in patients' subjective feelings, daily life, and surgical satisfaction between those who underwent surgery for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) using patient-specific instruments (PSIs) and those who underwent traditional surgical total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods: We selected 30 adult patients with various types of DDH who underwent surgery during 2016-2017 at our hospital. The patients were divided into PSI surgery group and the traditional surgery group. All patients underwent follow-up, and we collected data on the Harris Hip Score, Oxford University Hip Score (OHS), Forgotten Joint Score (FJS-12), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, patient satisfaction score, intraoperative surgical time, amount of bleeding and postoperative complications incidence for both groups. We then performed statistical analyses on the data.

Results: The Harris Hip Score, OHS, VAS score, patient satisfaction score, and mean bleeding volume did not differ statistically significantly (t-tests, P > 0.05). No statistically significant differences were found between surgical groups in the incidence of complication and sub-trochanteric osteotomy, or in the surgical side (chi-square tests, P > 0.05). For the experimental group, the FJS-12 score was 80.0 ± 12.0, and for the control group the score was 68.5 ± 16.1. The operative time of the experimental group was 138.4 ± 32.2 min, while that of the control group was 88.9 ± 26.8 min. The values of these data differed significantly (t-tests, P < 0.05).

Conclusions: The novel PSI designed by our group has certain advantages for the short-term subjective feelings of patients after THA, but it may cause prolonged operative times.

Keywords: 3D printing; Patient-specific instruments; Patients' feelings; Total hip arthroplasty.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / methods*
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / psychology*
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Emotions*
  • Female
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain Measurement
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Patient-Specific Modeling
  • Printing, Three-Dimensional