Objective: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathies (CIDP) with antibodies against neurofascin 155 (Nfasc155) or contactin-1 (CNTN1) have distinctive clinical features. Knowledge on their electrophysiological characteristics is still scarce. In this study, we are investigating whether these patients have specific electrophysiological characteristics.
Methods: The electrophysiological data from 13 patients with anti-Nfasc155 IgG4 antibodies, 9 with anti-CNTN1 IgG4 antibodies were compared with those of 40 consecutive CIDP patients without antibodies.
Results: All the patients with antibodies against Nfasc155 or CNTN1 fulfilled the EFNS/PNS electrodiagnostic criteria for definite CIDP. There was no electrophysiological difference between patients with anti-CNTN1 and anti-Nfasc155 antibodies. Nerve conduction abnormalities were heterogeneously distributed along nerves trunks and roots. They were more pronounced than in CIDP without antibodies. Motor conduction velocity on median nerve <24 m/s or motor velocity on ulnar nerve <26 m/s or motor distal latency on ulnar nerve >7.4 ms were predictive of positive antibodies against the node of Ranvier with a sensitivity of 59% and a specificity of 93%.
Conclusions: Marked conduction abnormalities may suggest the presence of positive antibodies against the node of Ranvier.
Significance: Anti-Nfasc155 and anti-CNTN1 antibodies target the the paranodal axo-glial domain but are associated with nerve conduction abnormalities mimicking a "demyelinating" neuropathy.
Keywords: CIDP; Contactin 1; Electrophysiology; Neurofascin 155.
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