How does Organizational Climate Motivate Employee Safe and Healthy Behavior in Small Business?: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective

J Occup Environ Med. 2020 May;62(5):350-358. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001839.


Objective: This study evaluates the motivational processes between employee occupational safety and health climates and behaviors using the Theory of Self-Determination in a sample of diverse small businesses.

Methods: We used cross-sectional data to assess whether employee safety/health intrinsic, identified, and external motives mediate the relationship between safety/health climate and behavior.

Results: All three types of motivation mediated the relationship between safety and health climates and behaviors.

Conclusion: Small businesses seeking to engage employees in Total Worker Health efforts should build strong safety and health climates because of their influence on employees' motivation to participate in health promoting and health protective programs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Psychological
  • Motivation
  • Occupational Health*
  • Organizational Culture*
  • Safety Management / organization & administration
  • Small Business / organization & administration*
  • Workplace / organization & administration
  • Workplace / psychology