Prognostic Value of Left Ventricular Global Longitudinal Strain in Patients With Secondary Mitral Regurgitation

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020 Feb 25;75(7):750-758. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2019.12.024.


Background: Left ventricular (LV) systolic function may be overestimated in patients with secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) when using LV ejection fraction (EF). LV global longitudinal strain (GLS) is a less load-dependent measure of LV function. However, the prognostic value of LV GLS in secondary MR has not been evaluated.

Objectives: This study sought to demonstrate the prognostic value of LV GLS over LVEF in patients with secondary MR.

Methods: A total of 650 patients (mean 66 ± 11 years of age, 68% men) with significant secondary MR were included. The study population was subdivided based on the LV GLS value at which the hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality was >1 using a spline curve analysis (LV GLS <7.0%, impaired LV systolic function vs. LV GLS ≥7.0%, preserved LV systolic function). The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality.

Results: During a median follow-up of 56 (interquartile range: 28 to 106 months) months, 334 (51%) patients died. Patients with a more impaired LV GLS showed significantly higher mortality rates at 1-, 2-, and 5-year follow-up (13%, 23%, and 44%, respectively) when compared with patients with more preserved LV systolic function (5%, 14%, and 31%, respectively). On multivariable analysis, LV GLS <7.0% was associated with increased mortality (HR: 1.337; 95% confidence interval: 1.038 to 1.722; p = 0.024), whereas LVEF ≤30% was not (HR: 1.055; 95% confidence interval: 0.794 to 1.403; p = 0.711).

Conclusions: In patients with secondary MR, impaired LV GLS was independently associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality, whereas LVEF was not. LV GLS may therefore be useful in the risk stratification of patients with secondary MR.

Keywords: left ventricular global longitudinal strain; left ventricular systolic function; prognosis; secondary mitral regurgitation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Echocardiography / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging*
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / mortality
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology
  • Netherlands / epidemiology
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Ventricular Function, Left*