Relationship of genetic factors with development of aortic dissection and aneurysm

Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg. 2018 Sep 16;26(4):557-564. doi: 10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2018.16424. eCollection 2018 Oct.

Abstract

Background: This study aims to investigate the relationship between the development of aortic dissections and aneurysms with the polymorphisms of angiotensin converting enzyme gene, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 gene, and nitric oxide synthase gene.

Methods: Between April 2009 and July 2014, 38 patients with aortic dissections (28 males, 10 females; mean age 55.1±10.7 years; range, 30 to 78 years) and 67 patients with aortic aneurysms (57 males, 10 females; mean age 63.0±11.4 years; range, 31 to 82 years) were included in this cross-sectional study. The control group consisted of 60 healthy volunteers (41 males, 19 females; mean age 56.3±11.2 years; range, 30 to 82 years) without an aortic aneurysm or dissection, as assessed by thoracoabdominal computed tomography. The prespecified four genes were genotyped with competitive allelespecific polymerase chain reaction.

Results: The aortic dissection group had higher nitric oxide synthase-3 (4b/4b) expression levels, compared to the control group. The aortic aneurysm group had also higher nitric oxide synthase-3 (4b/4a) expression levels, compared to the control group. Compared to the control group, a higher rate of angiotensin converting enzyme I/D gene polymorphism was detected in the aneurysm group, while higher D/D polymorphism rates were found in the dissection group; although not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Our study results suggest that the nitric oxide synthase-3 intron 4b/4b and nitric oxide synthase-3 intron 4b/4a gene polymorphisms can be used as a predictor of aortic dissection and aneurysm development.

Keywords: Aortic aneurysm; NOS3; aortic dissection; genetic; nitric oxide synthase-3; polymorphism.