General complications after surgery for anorectal malformations

Pediatr Surg Int. 2020 Apr;36(4):431-445. doi: 10.1007/s00383-020-04629-9. Epub 2020 Feb 21.


The introduction of posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) by deVries and Peña in the early 80s has impacted to the treatment of patients with anorectal malformations (ARM). It gained great recognition worldwide in a very short time, and since then, surgeons dealing with the treatment of this complex malformation could achieve tremendous progress in contemporary management of this anomaly. Despite the growing experience and body of information globally, the treatment of ARMs continues to be a challenge to the pediatric surgeons due to the nature and the variability of the anomaly, and short- and long-term problems continue to exist even after nearly 40 years of the PSARP era. Today, knowing more about it, pediatric surgeons are committed to do more for their ARM patients to have them as physically and socially healthy individuals.

Keywords: Anorectal malformation; Complication; Constipation; Fecal incontinence; Imperforate anus; PSARP.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anal Canal / abnormalities
  • Anal Canal / surgery*
  • Anorectal Malformations / surgery*
  • Child
  • Digestive System Surgical Procedures / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / adverse effects*
  • Postoperative Complications*
  • Rectum / abnormalities
  • Rectum / surgery*