Synchrotron X-Ray Boost Delivered by Microbeam Radiation Therapy After Conventional X-Ray Therapy Fractionated in Time Improves F98 Glioma Control

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2020 Jun 1;107(2):360-369. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2020.02.023. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Abstract

Purpose: Synchrotron microbeam radiation therapy (MRT) is based on the spatial fractionation of the incident, highly collimated synchrotron beam into arrays of parallel microbeams depositing several hundred grays. It appears relevant to combine MRT with a conventional treatment course, preparing a treatment scheme for future patients in clinical trials. The efficiency of MRT delivered after several broad-beam (BB) fractions to palliate F98 brain tumors in rats in comparison with BB fractions alone was evaluated in this study.

Methods and materials: Rats bearing 106 F98 cells implanted in the caudate nucleus were irradiated by 5 fractions in BB mode (3 × 6 Gy + 2 × 8 Gy BB) or by 2 boost fractions in MRT mode to a total of 5 fractions (3 × 6 Gy BB + MRT 2 × 8 Gy valley dose; peak dose 181 Gy [50/200 μm]). Tumor growth was evaluated in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging follow-up at T-1, T7, T12, T15, T20, and T25 days after radiation therapy and by histology and flow cytometry.

Results: MRT-boosted tumors displayed lower cell density and cell proliferation compared with BB-irradiated tumors. The MRT boost completely stopped tumor growth during ∼4 weeks and led to a significant increase in median survival time, whereas tumors treated with BB alone recurred within a few days after the last radiation fraction.

Conclusions: The first evidence is presented that MRT, delivered as a boost of conventionally fractionated irradiation by orthovoltage broad x-ray beams, is feasible and more efficient than conventional radiation therapy alone.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Cell Cycle / radiation effects
  • Cell Proliferation / radiation effects
  • Dose Fractionation, Radiation*
  • Glioblastoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Glioblastoma / pathology
  • Glioblastoma / radiotherapy*
  • Glioma / radiotherapy*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Synchrotrons*
  • Tumor Burden / radiation effects
  • X-Ray Therapy / instrumentation*