In Vivo Assessment of Cortical Bone Fragility

Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2020 Feb;18(1):13-22. doi: 10.1007/s11914-020-00558-7.


Purpose of review: This review updates readers on recent developments in the assessment of cortical bone fragility in vivo. The review explains the clinical need that motivated the development of Cortical Bone Mechanics Technology™ (CBMT) as a scientific instrument, its unique capabilities, and its necessary further development as a medical device.

Recent findings: Clinical experience with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry has led to calls for new clinical methods for assessing bone health. CBMT is a noninvasive, dynamic 3-point bending test that makes direct, functional measurements of the mechanical properties of cortical bone in ulnas of living people. Its technical validity in accurate measurements of ulna flexural rigidity and its clinical validity in accurate estimations of quasistatic ulna bending strength have been demonstrated. Because CBMT is a whole bone test, its measurements reflect the influences of bone quantity and bone quality at all hierarchical levels.

Keywords: Bending test; Bone mechanics; Bone stiffness; Bone strength; Cortical bone; Fracture.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Absorptiometry, Photon
  • Biomechanical Phenomena*
  • Cortical Bone / physiopathology*
  • Flexural Strength*
  • Humans
  • Ulna / physiopathology*
  • Weight-Bearing