Sandy beaches are not roads, but they have been used as such worldwide, threatening endemic fauna such as ghost crabs (Crustacea: Ocypodidae). The objective of the present study was to identify the spatial factors influencing the incidence of ghost crabs (Ocypode quadrata) killed by vehicles. This study included a systematic study of carcasses with clear signals of crushing by cars on beaches with distinct urbanization levels and on dirt roads crossing low-urbanized beach stretches. Predictive variables (e.g., tyre tracks on the sand, proxies of urbanization, distance from coastal lagoons and beach width) were obtained for the kill points and random points. Generalized linear models with binomial distributions showed that the number of tyre tracks nearby (positive correlation) and indicators of urbanization in the environment (negative correlation) were the main variables explaining ghost crab kills on the beach. Similarly, the likelihood of finding crabs killed by vehicles on the dirt road was associated with the areas with the densest ghost crab populations (higher beach width and low-urbanized areas). Therefore, as an important conservation strategy and mitigation action, vehicle traffic must be severely controlled mainly on low-urbanized beaches, both on the sand and dirt roads crossing natural beach vegetation.
Keywords: Beach surveillance; Coastal ecology; ORV vehicles; Ocypodidae; Road kill; Spatial pattern; Urbanization.
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