Confining interacting particles in one-dimension (1D) changes the electronic behavior of the system fundamentally, which has been studied extensively in the past. Examples of 1D metallic systems include carbon nanotubes, quasi-1D organic conductors, metal chains, and domain boundary defects in monolayer thick transition-metal dichalcogenides such as MoSe2. Here single and bundles of Mo6Se6 nanowires were fabricated through annealing a MoSe2 monolayer grown by molecular-beam epitaxy on graphene. Conversion from two-dimensional (2D) MoSe2 film to 1D Mo6Se6 nanowire is reversible. Mo6Se6 nanowires form preferentially at the Se-terminated zigzag edges of MoSe2 and stitch to it via two distinct atomic configurations. The Mo6Se6 wire is metallic and its length is tunable, which represents one of few 1D systems that exhibit properties pertinent to quantum confined Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid, as evidenced by scanning tunneling microscopic and spectroscopic studies.
Keywords: MBE; Nanowire; One-dimensional system; STM; Tomonaga−Luttinger liquid.