Studies of oral chemotherapy of 5-fluroruracil (5-FU) combined with FT-207, a furanyl analog of 5-FU, as an adjuvant to surgical treatment of stomach cancer have been performed since 1970 in the first department of surgery of Chiba University, Japan. These studies were performed on 107 patients with curative stomach cancer and 22 patients with non-curative stomach cancer. These patients received consecutively 3.5mg/kg/day of 5-FU and 8mg/kg/day of FT-207 for 24 to 36 months and were compared with control patients who had undergone only surgical treatment. A significant higher survival was observed in the curatively resected patients receiving oral 5-FU and FT-207, as compared to the control group. Studies on non-curative stomach cancer patients treated with the same dose schedule gave encouraging results. Because of the limited number of patients treated in this study, the drawing of reliable conclusions must wait the results of further studies.