In this study, several methods were used to analyze the hydrolysis of hyaluronic acid (HA)-based cosmetic fillers by the hepatopancreas homogenate of the Red king crab. The results show that the homogenate and commercially available hyaluronidases have similar hydrolysis activities on the fillers. Atomic force microscopy images reveal that the HA fillers consist mainly of spherical-like particles, which are converted into filamentous structures as a result of hydrolysis by the Red king crab hepatopancreas homogenate. Turbidimetric analysis of the hydrolysis process shows that HA aggregation with acidic albumin exhibits a bell-shaped dependence on reaction time. Analysis of the hydrolysis process by nuclear magnetic resonance shows that HA degradation lasts several days. The maximum rate of the reaction is detected in the 1st h of incubation. The data confirm that the purified homogenate of the Red king crab hepatopancreas exerts hyaluronidase activity on HA-based cosmetic fillers; therefore, it may be considered as a potential therapeutic agent for treating filler complications.
Keywords: Atomic force microscopy; Hepatopancreas; Hyaluronic acid; Hyaluronidase; Hyaluronidase activity; Nuclear magnetic resonance; Red king crab; Treating filler complications; Turbidimetric method.
© 2020 Ponomareva et al.