Microcin H47: A Class IIb Microcin with Potent Activity Against Multidrug Resistant Enterobacteriaceae

ACS Infect Dis. 2020 Apr 10;6(4):672-679. doi: 10.1021/acsinfecdis.9b00302. Epub 2020 Mar 2.


Microcin H47 (MccH47) is an antimicrobial peptide produced by some strains of Escherichia coli that has demonstrated inhibitory activity against enteric pathogens in vivo and has been heterologously overexpressed in proof-of-concept engineered probiotic applications. While most studies clearly demonstrate inhibitory activity against E. coli isolates, there are conflicting results on the qualitative capacity for MccH47 to inhibit strains of Salmonella. Here, we rectify these inconsistencies via the overexpression and purification of a form of MccH47, termed MccH47-monoglycosylated enterobactin (MccH47-MGE). We then use purified MccH47 to estimate minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) against a number of medically relevant Enterobacteriaceae, including Salmonella and numerous multidrug resistant (MDR) strains. While previous reports suggested that the spectrum of activity for MccH47 is quite narrow and restricted to activity against E. coli, our data demonstrate that MccH47 has broad and potent activity within the Enterobacteriaceae family, suggesting it as a candidate for further development toward treating MDR enteric infections.

Keywords: Salmonella; antimicrobial peptide; antimicrobial resistance; microcin; minimum inhibitory concentration; purification.

Publication types

  • Letter
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides / pharmacology*
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial*
  • Enterobacteriaceae / drug effects*
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides
  • microcin H47