Characterizing Interhelical Interactions of G-Protein Coupled Receptors with the Fragment Molecular Orbital Method

J Chem Theory Comput. 2020 Apr 14;16(4):2814-2824. doi: 10.1021/acs.jctc.9b01136. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Abstract

G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest superfamily of membrane proteins, regulating almost every aspect of cellular activity and serving as key targets for drug discovery. We have identified an accurate and reliable computational method to characterize the strength and chemical nature of the interhelical interactions between the residues of transmembrane (TM) domains during different receptor activation states, something that cannot be characterized solely by visual inspection of structural information. Using the fragment molecular orbital (FMO) quantum mechanics method to analyze 35 crystal structures representing different branches of the class A GPCR family, we have identified 69 topologically equivalent TM residues that form a consensus network of 51 inter-TM interactions, providing novel results that are consistent with and help to rationalize experimental data. This discovery establishes a comprehensive picture of how defined molecular forces govern specific interhelical interactions which, in turn, support the structural stability, ligand binding, and activation of GPCRs.

MeSH terms

  • Ligands
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Conformation
  • Quantum Theory
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / chemistry*

Substances

  • Ligands
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled