OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the reproducibility and validity of quantitative perfusion parameters derived from dynamic volume perfusion CT in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) and to evaluate perfusion parameter changes before and after endovascular revascularization. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Patients with CLI referred for unilateral extremity endovascular arterial recanalization were enrolled in this study. CT examinations obtained 1-3 days before the procedure and then within 1 week after the treatment were evaluated at two reading sessions. Blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), and time to peak (TTP) were measured on color-coded maps and compared statistically. Intraobserver agreement was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman analysis. RESULTS. Endovascular treatment was technically successful for all 16 patients. The posttreatment BF and BV showed a statistically significant increase in both dermal and muscle areas (p < 0.05). The posttreatment TTP shortened at a statistically significant level (p < 0.05). In the 3-month clinical follow-up period, the limb salvage rate was 81% and the percentage change in BF and BV of patients with poor response to treatment had no statistically significant increase after treatment, consistent with the clinical assessment. The percentage change in BF and BV correlated well with the improvement of the clinical condition (r = 0.673-0.901). ICC values showed excellent agreement in the range of 0.95-0.98. CONCLUSION. As a reproducible method, dynamic volume perfusion CT of the foot may enable quantitative evaluation of the perfusion of soft tissues and also provide a novel approach to assessing response to endovascular recanalization in CLI.
Keywords: blood flow; blood volume; critical limb ischemia; foot perfusion CT; time to peak.