Spanish Version of the mini-BESTest: A Translation, Transcultural Adaptation and Validation Study in Patients With Parkinson's Disease

Int J Rehabil Res. 2020 Jun;43(2):129-134. doi: 10.1097/MRR.0000000000000401.

Abstract

Balance is affected in numerous neurologic disorders, like stroke, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease contributing to falls, and diminishing quality of life and functionality. The mini-BESTest is one of the most recommended scales to detect balance disorders in people with Parkinson's disease, which has solid psychometric properties. Unfortunately, this scale has not been validated in Chile and there are no other validated scales that can determine balance disorders in patients with Parkinson's disease to date. The study objective was to validate the mini-BESTest scale in Chilean Parkinson's disease patients. The translation and adaptation to Chilean Spanish of the mini-BESTest scale were made following a cross-cultural adaptation process, to then obtain face and content validity by an expert committee. Afterwards, the demographic data and psychometric properties of internal consistency and ceiling and floor effects were measured with a sample of 50 subjects with Parkinson's disease. Furthermore, 10 subjects of the sample were evaluated with the purpose of measuring inter rater reliability. The scale presented a good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.845), and an excellent inter rater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.97), no ceiling or floor effects were found. The results of the face and content validity and psychometric properties are adequate, achieving the validation of the mini-BESTest scale for balance in Chilean people with Parkinson's disease.