First Report of Clinostomum complanatum (Trematoda: Digenea) in European Perch ( Perca fluviatilis) from an Italian Subalpine Lake: A Risk for Public Health?

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 21;17(4):1389. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17041389.


Clinostomum complanatum, a digenean trematode of the Clinostomidae family, is a fish-borne zoonotic parasite responsible for Halzoun syndrome in humans and is transmitted through the consumption of raw or undercooked freshwater fish. Of the total of 112 specimens of European perch (Perca fluviatilis) sampled from a subalpine lake (Lake Endine) in North Italy in 2019, 21 (18.75%) tested positive for encysted metacercariae in the fillet. This study reports the first isolation of C. complanatum in P. fluviatilis and highlights the possible zoonotic risk for consumers, since P. fluviatilis is a food fish used in the traditional local cuisine.

Keywords: Clinostomidae; epidemiological survey; public health; zoonoses.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Fish Diseases*
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Lakes
  • Perches* / parasitology
  • Public Health
  • Trematoda* / isolation & purification
  • Trematode Infections*