The externalities of energy production in the context of development of clean energy generation

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 Apr;27(11):11506-11530. doi: 10.1007/s11356-020-07625-7. Epub 2020 Feb 27.


In this paper, we present a comparative review of the externalities of electricity production. First of all, the environmental impact is considered. A discussion of the influence of various electricity production processes on human health follows. The studies are conducted in the context of historical development. Current trends, as well as a historical background that resulted in the changes that can be observed today, are presented. The considerations are supported by a few case studies. Analysis of perspectives for the development of electricity generation methods, in particular the indication of clean energy sources and the perspectives of their exploitation, is the main aim of this paper.

Keywords: Electricity generation; Environmental impact; External costs; Human health impact; Renewable energy; Risk.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Electricity*
  • Energy-Generating Resources*
  • Environment
  • Humans
  • Renewable Energy