Background: Pediatric patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may be at risk for malglycemia and adverse outcomes, including infection, prolonged hospital stays, organ dysfunction, graft-versus-host-disease, delayed hematopoietic recovery, and increased mortality. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) may aid in describing and treating malglycemia in this population. However, no studies have demonstrated safety, tolerability, or accuracy of CGM in this uniquely immunocompromised population. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted, using the Abbott Freestyle Libre Pro, in patients aged 2-30 undergoing HSCT at Children's Hospital Colorado to evaluate continuous glycemia in this population. CGM occurred up to 7 days before and 60 days after HSCT, during hospitalization only. In a secondary analysis of this data, blood glucoses collected during routine HSCT care were compared with CGM values to evaluate accuracy. Adverse events and patient refusal to wear CGM device were monitored to assess safety and tolerability. Results: Participants (n = 29; median age 13.1 years, [interquartile range] [4.7, 16.6] years) wore 84 sensors for an average of 25 [21.5, 30.0] days per participant. Paired serum-sensor values (n = 893) demonstrated a mean absolute relative difference of 20% ± 14% with Clarke Error Grid analysis showing 99% of pairs in the clinically acceptable Zones (A+B). There were four episodes of self-limited bleeding (4.8% of sensors); no other adverse events occurred. Six patients (20.7%) refused subsequent CGM placements. Conclusions: CGM use appears safe and feasible although with suboptimal accuracy in the hospitalized pediatric HSCT population. Few adverse events occurred, all of which were low grade.
Keywords: Continuous glucose monitor; Flash glucose monitor; Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; Pediatrics.