Prebiotic inulin consumption reduces dioxin-like PCB 126-mediated hepatotoxicity and gut dysbiosis in hyperlipidemic Ldlr deficient mice

Environ Pollut. 2020 Jun:261:114183. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114183. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Abstract

Exposure to some environmental pollutants increases the risk of developing inflammatory disorders such as steatosis and cardiometabolic diseases. Diets high in fermentable fibers such as inulin can modulate the gut microbiota and lessen the severity of pro-inflammatory diseases, especially in individuals with elevated circulating cholesterol. Thus, we aimed to test the hypothesis that hyperlipidemic mice fed a diet enriched with 8% inulin would be protected from the pro-inflammatory toxic effects of PCB 126. Four groups of male Ldlr-/- mice were fed a high cholesterol diet containing 8% inulin or 8% cellulose (control) for 12 weeks. At weeks 2 and 4, mice were exposed to PCB 126 or vehicle (control). PCB 126 exposure induced wasting and impaired glucose tolerance, which were attenuated by inulin consumption. PCB 126 exposure induced hepatic lipid accumulation and increased inflammatory gene expression, which were both decreased by inulin consumption. In addition, inulin feeding decreased atherosclerotic lesion development in the aortic root and modulated the expression of enzymes related to glycolysis. Finally, 16S rRNA sequencing of gut microbial populations showed that PCB 126 modulated multiple microbiota genera (e.g., 3-fold decrease in Allobaculum and 3-fold increase in Coprococcus) which were normalized in inulin fed mice. Overall our data support the hypothesis that a dietary intervention that targets the gut microbiota may be an effective means of attenuating dioxin-like pollutant-mediated diseases.

Keywords: Dioxin; Fiber; Gut microbiota; Inulin; Polychlorinated biphenyls.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury*
  • Dioxins*
  • Dysbiosis
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome*
  • Inulin
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls
  • Prebiotics
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S

Substances

  • Dioxins
  • Prebiotics
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Inulin
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls
  • 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl