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Review
. 2020 Feb 26;9(3):196.
doi: 10.3390/antiox9030196.

Oxidative Stress and Atopic Dermatitis

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Free PMC article
Review

Oxidative Stress and Atopic Dermatitis

Lucrezia Bertino et al. Antioxidants (Basel). .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Atopic dermatitis is a common chronic/chronically relapsing inflammatory skin disease, with increasing worldwide prevalence. Etiopathogenesis is complex and multifactorial, with a mix of genetic, immunological and environmental aspects. Like in other chronic inflammatory diseases, oxidative stress plays an important pathogenetic role. We reviewed in vivo research studies on humans about oxidative stress and atopic dermatitis. Although sometimes contrasting, overall, they suggest that oxidative stress may have a significant role in atopic dermatitis, but our understanding is still incomplete, at least concerning in vivo data, because of limitations of available literature. Research consists of 33 papers published in 28 years, was not always performed on large study populations, represents a limited number of countries and ethnicities-not always in proportion to their size-and is scattered over multiple papers that, in the majority of cases, cannot be pooled and/or compared because many biomarkers were studied, in different tissues and with different methods. Further, larger studies appear warranted and necessary to shed more light on this aspect of atopic dermatitis, which is important not only to improve our understanding of this disease, but also for potential clinical and therapeutic implications.

Keywords: advanced glycation end products; advanced oxidation protein products; antioxidant enzymes; antioxidants; atopic dermatitis; hydrogen peroxides; oxidative stress; superoxide.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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