Objectives: To assess the potential impact of using screening recommendations for bleeding disorders in patients with Noonan syndrome on perioperative bleeding complications.
Study design: We performed a retrospective, single-site cohort study; patients were identified by query of the electronic medical record. All patients with a clinical diagnosis of Noonan syndrome over a 10-year period were included. Data on surgeries, hematologic evaluation, bleeding symptoms, and bleeding complications were extracted. Surgeries were graded as major or minor.
Results: We identified 101 patients with Noonan syndrome, 70 of whom required surgery for a total of 164 procedures. Nine patients (9/70; 12.8%) had bleeding complications, occurring in those without comprehensive testing or perioperative intervention and undergoing major or dental surgery. Based on these findings, the risk of a bleeding complication for patients with Noonan syndrome who did not have comprehensive testing or perioperative intervention was 6.2% (95% CI 2.3%-10.1%), indicating the number needed to treat or screen would be 16 to prevent 1 bleeding complication (95% CI 9.9-43.9). The majority of patients had either no or incomplete evaluation (59 of 101; 58.4%).
Conclusions: With proper evaluation and management, the bleeding risk in patients with Noonan syndrome can be minimized. Efforts are needed to address the knowledge and implementation gap in this evaluation.
Keywords: bleeding disorders; screening recommendations.
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