Purpose: To describe the findings and the management of macular hole (MH)-related retinal detachment (RD) in children with Knobloch syndrome.
Design: Retrospective interventional case series.
Participants: Patients with Knobloch syndrome who presented with MH-related RD.
Methods: Retrospective chart review of patients with Knobloch syndrome who presented with MH-related RD from January 2012 to December 2018. Interventions included pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade with or without scleral buckle, drainage retinotomy, or relaxing retinectomy.
Main outcome measures: MH characteristics and surgical anatomical outcome.
Results: The study included 9 eyes of 5 patients (age range 2 months to 5 years; median age 5.5 months). Presenting symptoms were poor fixation and nystagmus. The fellow eye of 1 patient had RD due to peripheral breaks. The MH was clinically visible in 8 eyes and detected only by OCT in 1 eye. The RD was shallow and extended to the anterior equator in 7 eyes and localized to a punched-out atrophic lesion in 1 eye. Seven eyes underwent surgical repair. At the last follow-up examination (follow-up range 11 to 42 months; mean 24 months, standard deviation 11.8 months), retinal reattachment with MH closure was achieved in 5 eyes along with marked improvement in fixation.
Conclusion: Patients with Knobloch syndrome may develop MH-related RD as early as infancy. The condition may be easily overlooked in children but should be suspected in the setting of high myopia, vitreoretinal degeneration, and encephalocele.
Copyright © 2019 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.