Transgender pediatric surgical patients-Important perioperative considerations

Paediatr Anaesth. 2020 May;30(5):520-528. doi: 10.1111/pan.13845. Epub 2020 Mar 16.


Transgender describes a variety of identities in which an individual's gender identity is different from expected based on the sex assigned at birth. In the United States, it is estimated that over 1 million adults and 150 000 youth identify as transgender, with increasing numbers being seen in healthcare and surgical settings. These numbers will continue to rise as visibility and acceptance grow. Current guidelines recommend transition-related surgeries be reserved for older adolescents and adults. However, this is not the only circumstance in which the pediatric anesthesiologist may find themselves caring for a transgender patient. In order to provide the safest and most affirming care, it is crucial that the pediatric anesthesiologist develop a working knowledge of this unique and vulnerable population, including the potential impacts of gender-affirming treatment on their perioperative care.

Keywords: adolescent; anesthetists; child; culturally competent care; gender-variant persons; perioperative care; transgender persons.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anesthesiology / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pediatrics / methods*
  • Perioperative Care / methods*
  • Transgender Persons*
  • United States