Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 76, 71-76
[Online ahead of print]

World Health Organization Declares Global Emergency: A Review of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Affiliations
Review

World Health Organization Declares Global Emergency: A Review of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Catrin Sohrabi et al. Int J Surg.

Abstract

An unprecedented outbreak of pneumonia of unknown aetiology in Wuhan City, Hubei province in China emerged in December 2019. A novel coronavirus was identified as the causative agent and was subsequently termed COVID-19 by the World Health Organization (WHO). Considered a relative of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), COVID-19 is caused by a betacoronavirus named SARS-CoV-2 that affects the lower respiratory tract and manifests as pneumonia in humans. Despite rigorous global containment and quarantine efforts, the incidence of COVID-19 continues to rise, with 90,870 laboratory-confirmed cases and over 3,000 deaths worldwide. In response to this global outbreak, we summarise the current state of knowledge surrounding COVID-19.

Keywords: COVID-19; Global health emergency; Novel coronavirus; Viral transmission; Wuhan.

Conflict of interest statement

Declaration of competing interest No conflicts of interest to declare.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 1 article

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback