Most glaucoma surgical procedures are less successful in aphakic or pseudophakic eyes. The authors reviewed 91 consecutive initial glaucoma procedures in aphakic patients from 1979 to 1986 to determine successful outcomes and complications. Success was defined as an intraocular pressure (IOP) of at least 30% below the preoperative value and less than 21 mmHg, less than 2 lines of Snellen acuity loss, and no further surgical intervention. At 9 months, success rates were: trabeculectomy, 4 of 15 patients; cyclodialysis, 3 of 20 patients; neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) cyclophotocoagulation, 1 of 8 patients; cyclocryotherapy, 9 of 22 patients; anterior chamber tube shunt (Schocket procedure), 3 of 6 patients; and argon laser trabeculoplasty, 2 of 20 patients. Severe complications included phthisis bulbi in 11% of cyclocryotherapy and severe visual loss in 20% with cyclodialysis and 14% with cyclocryotherapy. Results confirm the difficulty of surgical therapy in these patients.