Imaging of Damaged Nerves

Clin Plast Surg. 2020 Apr;47(2):245-259. doi: 10.1016/j.cps.2019.12.003. Epub 2020 Feb 5.


Nerve imaging is an important component in the assessment of patients presenting with suspected peripheral nerve pathology. Although magnetic resonance neurography and ultrasound are the most commonly utilized techniques, several promising new modalities are on the horizon. Nerve imaging is useful in localizing the nerve injury, determining the severity, providing prognostic information, helping establish the diagnosis, and helping guide surgical decision making. The focus of this article is imaging of damaged nerves, focusing on nerve injuries and entrapment neuropathies.

Keywords: Diffusion tensor imaging; MRI; Magnetic resonance neurography; Nerve injury; Peripheral nerve; Ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Neuroimaging / methods*
  • Peripheral Nerves / diagnostic imaging*
  • Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / diagnosis*