Background: The prevalence and burden of age-related non-AIDS comorbidities (NACMs) are poorly characterized among women living with HIV (WLWH).
Methods: Virologically suppressed WLWH and HIV-seronegative participants followed in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) through at least 2009 (when >80% of WLWH used antiretroviral therapy) were included, with outcomes measured through 31 March 2018. Covariates, NACM number, and prevalence were summarized at most recent WIHS visit. We used linear regression models to determine NACM burden by HIV serostatus and age.
Results: Among 3232 women (2309 WLWH, 923 HIV-seronegative) with median observation of 15.3 years, median age and body mass index (BMI) were 50 years and 30 kg/m2, respectively; 65% were black; 70% ever used cigarettes. WLWH had a higher mean NACM number than HIV-seronegative women (3.6 vs 3.0, P < .0001) and higher prevalence of psychiatric illness, dyslipidemia, non-AIDS cancer, kidney, liver, and bone disease (all P < .01). Prevalent hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular and lung disease did not differ by HIV serostatus. Estimated NACM burden was higher among WLWH versus HIV-seronegative women in those aged 40-49 (P < .0001) and ≥60 years (P = .0009) (HIV × age interaction, P = .0978). In adjusted analyses, NACM burden was associated with HIV, age, race, income, BMI, alcohol abstinence, cigarette, and crack/cocaine use; in WLWH, additional HIV-specific indices were not associated, aside from recent abacavir use.
Conclusions: Overall, NACM burden was high in the cohort, but higher in WLWH and in certain age groups. Non-HIV traditional risk factors were significantly associated with NACM burden in WLWH and should be prioritized in clinical guidelines for screening and intervention to mitigate comorbidity burden in this high-risk population.
Keywords: HIV and aging; comorbidity burden; human immunodeficiency virus; non-AIDS comorbidities; women living with HIV.
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