Increasing incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus in young children in Slovakia

Bratisl Lek Listy. 2020;121(2):129-132. doi: 10.4149/BLL_2020_017.

Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to study the prevalence of the early onset Type 1 diabetes in Slovakia during the years 1996-2017.

Background: Prevalence of Type 1 diabetes in young children is increasing worldwide. However, recent data from Slovakia are missing.

Methods: All children with newly diagnosed Type 1 diabetes included in the study were diagnosed in the Children Diabetes Centre in Bratislava during the years 1996-2017. The incidence of T1D in children aged below 3 and below 5 years was calculated and compared to the T1D incidence in older children. Incidence trends were calculated with the Poissed regression.

Results: Gender-adjusted incidence of T1D annually increased by 5.4 % (CI: 3.9-6.8; p < 0.001) in children <3 years, and by 3.4 % (95 % CI 2.2-4.6; p<0.001) in children <5 years during the last two decades. Moreover, the proportion of young children <3 years of age among all newly diagnosed children and adolescents increased over time (4.2±2.8 % in years 1996-1998; 12.2±5.8 % in years 2004-2008, and 13.7±7.4 % during the years 2013-2017).

Conclusion: We found a significant increase in the incidence and proportion of T1D in young children during the last two decades. Similar data were also found in other European countries. This could be explained by changing environmental conditions (Fig. 1, Ref. 32).

Keywords: infants and toddlers epidemiology.; type 1 diabetes mellitus.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1* / epidemiology
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Prevalence
  • Slovakia / epidemiology