Chronic Kidney Disease Increases the Risk of Hip Fracture: A Prospective Cohort Study in Korean Adults

J Bone Miner Res. 2020 Jul;35(7):1313-1321. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.3997. Epub 2020 Mar 24.


This study was conducted to examine the association between renal function and hip fracture. We followed up 352,624 Korean adults, who participated in health examinations during 2009-2010 until 2013. Kidney function was assessed by creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria using urine reagent strip results. The incidence of hip fracture was examined by hospital discharge records. Hazard ratios (HRs) for hip fracture were calculated using Cox proportional hazard models after adjusting for multiple confounders. During a mean follow-up of 4.0 years, 1177 participants suffered a hip fracture. Lower eGFR and more severe albuminuria were associated with a higher risk of hip fracture. The HRs for hip fracture were 1.89 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.47-2.43) and 3.75 (95% CI 2.30-6.11) among participants with eGFRs of 30 to 44 and 15 to 29 mL/min/1.73m2 relative to those with an eGFR ≥60 mL/min/1.73m2 , respectively. The HRs were 1.30 (95% CI 1.02-1.65) for moderate albuminuria and 1.58 (95% CI 1.07-2.35) for severe albuminuria (p for trend = 0.002). Participants with albuminuria had a higher risk of hip fracture than those without albuminuria, even when they belonged to the same eGFR category (HR = 1.75 versus 3.30 for an eGFR of 30 to 44 mL/min/1.73m2 ; HR = 2.72 versus 7.84 for an eGFR of 15 to 29 mL/min/1.73m2 ). The effects of each 10 mL/min/1.73m2 decrease in eGFR were stronger with advancing albuminuria severity (pinteraction = 0.016). In conclusion, both low eGFR and albuminuria were risk factors for incident hip fracture in Korean adults. Moreover, these factors exerted a synergistic effect on the risk of hip fracture. © 2020 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.


MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Albuminuria / complications
  • Albuminuria / epidemiology
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Hip Fractures* / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Prospective Studies
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic* / complications
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic* / epidemiology
  • Republic of Korea / epidemiology
  • Risk Factors