Adult Osteosclerotic Metaphyseal Dysplasia With Progressive Osteonecrosis of the Jaws and Abnormal Bone Resorption Pattern Due to a LRRK1 Splice Site Mutation

J Bone Miner Res. 2020 Jul;35(7):1322-1332. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.3995. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Abstract

Osteosclerotic metaphyseal dysplasia (OSMD) is a rare autosomal recessive sclerosing skeletal dysplasia. We report on a 34-year-old patient with sandwich vertebrae, platyspondyly, osteosclerosis of the tubular bones, pathologic fractures, and anemia. In the third decade, he developed osteonecrosis of the jaws, which was progressive in spite of repeated surgical treatment over a period of 11 years. An iliac crest bone biopsy revealed the presence of hypermineralized cartilage remnants, large multinucleated osteoclasts with abnormal morphology, and inadequate bone resorption typical for osteoclast-rich osteopetrosis. After exclusion of mutations in TCIRG1 and CLCN7 we performed trio-based exome sequencing. The novel homozygous splice-site mutation c.261G>A in the gene LRRK1 was found and co-segregated with the phenotype in the family. cDNA sequencing showed nearly complete skipping of exon 3 leading to a frameshift (p.Ala34Profs*33). Osteoclasts differentiated from the patient's peripheral blood monocytes were extremely large. Instead of resorption pits these cells were only capable of superficial erosion. Phosphorylation of L-plastin at position Ser5 was strongly reduced in patient-derived osteoclasts showing a loss of function of the mutated LRRK1 kinase protein. Our analysis indicates a strong overlap of LRRK1-related OSMD with other forms of intermediate osteopetrosis, but an exceptional abnormality of osteoclast resorption. Like in other osteoclast pathologies an increased risk for progressive osteonecrosis of the jaws should be considered in OSMD, an intermediate form of osteopetrosis. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research published by American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

Keywords: LRRK1; NEXT GENERATION SEQUENCING; OSTEOPETROSIS; OSTEOSCLEROTIC METAPHYSEAL DYSPLASIA; TRIO-BASED EXOME SEQUENCING.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bone Resorption*
  • Humans
  • Jaw
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Osteochondrodysplasias
  • Osteoclasts / metabolism
  • Osteonecrosis*
  • Osteopetrosis* / diagnostic imaging
  • Osteopetrosis* / genetics
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases* / genetics
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases* / metabolism
  • Vacuolar Proton-Translocating ATPases* / genetics

Substances

  • TCIRG1 protein, human
  • LRRK1 protein, human
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Vacuolar Proton-Translocating ATPases

Supplementary concepts

  • Pyle disease