Electronic screening and brief intervention to reduce cannabis use and consequences among graduate students presenting to a student health center: A pilot study

Addict Behav. 2020 Jul;106:106362. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106362. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Abstract

This pilot study sought to test the feasibility of screening and delivering a web-based intervention to reduce marijuana use and consequences among graduate student presenting to a Student Health Center (SHC). Graduate students completed a 9-item electronic health screening instrument during their visit to the SHC. Those who reported monthly or greater marijuana use were eligible for participation in the pilot trial. Forty-nine students completed baseline assessments and were randomly assigned to an electronic screening and brief intervention (eSBI) for marijuana (eCHECKUPTOGO-marijuana; [BI]) or a control condition (CTL) that consisted of minimal general health information. Participants completed measures of marijuana use frequency and negative consequences at baseline, 3- and 6-months. Latent growth modeling was used to provide effect size estimates for the influence of the intervention on 6-month outcomes. Effect size estimates showed a small-to-medium effect of BI on marijuana use frequency at 6-months; there was no evidence of the BI on consequences. Results suggest that BI may hold promise as a method to reduce marijuana use among graduate students who present to primary care settings. Future research should test the efficacy of this approach in a full-scale randomized controlled trial.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cannabis*
  • Crisis Intervention
  • Electronics
  • Humans
  • Pilot Projects
  • Students