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Review
. 2020 Feb 29;10(3):134.
doi: 10.3390/diagnostics10030134.

Endometriosis in Menopause-Renewed Attention on a Controversial Disease

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Free PMC article
Review

Endometriosis in Menopause-Renewed Attention on a Controversial Disease

Cristina Secosan et al. Diagnostics (Basel). .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Endometriosis, an estrogen-dependent inflammatory disease characterized by the ectopic presence of endometrial tissue, has been the topic of renewed research and debate in recent years. The paradigm shift from the belief that endometriosis only affects women of reproductive age has drawn attention to endometriosis in both premenarchal and postmenopausal patients. There is still scarce information in literature regarding postmenopausal endometriosis, the mostly studied and reported being the prevalence in postmenopausal women. Yet, other important issues also need to be addressed concerning diagnosis, pathophysiology, and management. We aimed at summarizing the currently available data in literature in order to provide a concise and precise update regarding information available on postmenopausal endometriosis.

Keywords: diagnosis; endometriosis; malignancy; management; menopause.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Sigmoid colon endometriosis—macroscopic aspect of the piece after laparoscopic resection using a circular stapler (personal collection, L. Pirtea).
Figure 2
Figure 2
Urinary tract endometriosis—laparoscopic resection of a bladder endometriosis nodule infiltrating the bladder mucosa (personal collection, L. Pirtea).

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