Infratentorial choroid plexus tumors in children

Childs Nerv Syst. 2020 Aug;36(8):1761-1766. doi: 10.1007/s00381-020-04532-7. Epub 2020 Mar 2.


Objective: Choroid plexus tumors (CPTs) are rare pediatric intracranial neoplasms, and mostly occur in the lateral ventricle. CPTs located in the infratentorial location are considered to be rare in the pediatric population. We present a series of eight patients treated in the last decade at our institution focusing on clinical presentations and their outcome after excision.

Methods: We performed an institutional retrospective review of patients who underwent surgical resection of infratentorial CPTs during the period from 2008 to 2017. Patients' charts were reviewed for demographic data, clinical presentation, surgical treatment, and follow-up.

Results: There were eight patients (6 females and 2 males), with mean age for the cohort at presentation was 9.0 years. They represent 75% of 12 CPTs of all locations treated at the same period in our institution. These 8 infratentorial CPTs were in the fourth ventricle in seven, and in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) in one. Seven patients had choroid plexus papillomas (WHO grade I) and 1 had an atypical choroid plexus papilloma (WHO grade II). Gross total resection was attempted in all patients. However, two of 3 patients with fourth ventricle floor invasion had subtotal resection with a thin layer of tumor left on the floor. The remaining 6 had a gross total resection. Six patients with preoperative hydrocephalus had a perioperative external ventricular drainage but none required permanent shunting after tumor resection. None showed recurrence/tumor progression without adjuvant therapy during the follow-up period of 20 months to 11 years.

Conclusion: Infratentorial dominance among pediatric CPTs in this series contradicts previous reports. Infratentorial CPTs are amenable to surgical resection. Unresected small residuals due to invasion to the fourth ventricle floor showed no regrowth during 2 to 3 years follow-up without adjuvant therapy. However, these patients with incomplete resection need watchful observations.

Keywords: Cerebellopontine angle; Choroid plexus tumor; Fourth ventricle; Pediatric; Posterior fossa.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Choroid Plexus Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Choroid Plexus Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Female
  • Fourth Ventricle / diagnostic imaging
  • Fourth Ventricle / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Papilloma, Choroid Plexus* / diagnostic imaging
  • Papilloma, Choroid Plexus* / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies