Radiotherapy of Parasellar Tumours

Neuroendocrinology. 2020;110(9-10):848-858. doi: 10.1159/000506902. Epub 2020 Mar 4.


Parasellar tumours represent a wide group of intracranial lesions, both benign and malignant. They may arise from several structures located within the parasellar area or they may infiltrate or metastasize this region. The treatment of the tumours located in these areas is challenging because of their complex anatomical location and their heterogenous histology. It often requires a multimodal approach, including surgery, radiation therapy (RT), and medical therapy. Due to the proximity of critical structures and the risks of side effects related to the procedure, a successful surgical resection is often not achievable. Thus, RT plays a crucial role in the treatment of several parasellar tumours. Conventional fractionated RT and modern radiation techniques, like stereotactic radiosurgery and proton beam RT, have become a standard management option, in particular for cases with residual or recurrent tumours after surgery and for those cases where surgery is contraindicated. This review examines the role of RT in parasellar tumours analysing several techniques, outcomes and side effects.

Keywords: Craniopharyngioma; Meningioma; Oncology; Parasellar; Radiation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Chondrosarcoma / radiotherapy*
  • Chordoma / radiotherapy*
  • Cranial Irradiation / adverse effects
  • Cranial Irradiation / standards*
  • Craniopharyngioma / radiotherapy*
  • Humans
  • Meningeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Meningioma / radiotherapy*
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Radiosurgery / adverse effects
  • Radiosurgery / standards*